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As Canada tries to counter Russian disinformation, experts urge a similar effort against China


Disinformation isn’t new. Just ask the Trojans. Whispers and lies have always been as useful as clubs, swords, and bullets when it comes to warfare.

Things are no different today, with the internet and social networks amplifying and accelerating all forms of communication, including disinformation.

Canada is looking to bolster its defence in this fight and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau recently announced that Ottawa will create a special team dedicated to countering Russian disinformation and propaganda. 

“The Russian propaganda machine must answer for its lies. Canada is committed to fighting disinformation wherever and whenever it is found. Today, we make it clear to those who peddle deception: you will be held accountable. Canada stands with Ukraine,” said Minister of Foreign Affairs Mélanie Joly in a July statement.

The Macdonald-Laurier Institute’s Marcus Kolga applauds the initiative.

Speaking with The Hub, the foreign policy expert says that Russian government disinformation campaigns have become adept at identifying and exploiting controversial issues on both the far-left and far-right, and have extorted these divisions to amplify narratives that intensify the polarization of our society.

“Over the past 24 months, we have seen Russian state media exploit environmental issues, Indigenous affairs, COVID, and the war in Ukraine to divide Canadians,” says Kolga.

This should prove to be a popular initiative with Canadians. Public opinion on Russia has significantly soured following the invasion of Ukraine. 

Russia is not the only bad actor to keep an eye on, however. Iranian and Chinese operations are also disruptive to Canadian interests, says Kolga, yet no similarly dedicated team has been established to counter these.

This is particularly troubling in the case of China, which has a very generously funded disinformation program run out of Chinese embassies and consulates across Canada, coordinated by the Chinese Communist Party’s United Front Work Department and headquartered in Beijing, says Macdonald-Laurier Institute senior fellow Charles Burton.

“Chinese leader Xi Jinping touts this initiative as one of the Chinese Communist Party’s ‘magic weapons’ of domestic and global manipulation,” Burton tells The Hub.

Burton says the disinformation program has been used to sabotage World Health Organization research into the origins of COVID-19, suppress truth surrounding genocide against Uyghurs, and distort Canada’s position on Taiwan by falsely insinuating that Canada supports the PRC’s claim that Taiwan’s democratic government is an illegitimate rogue regime. 

It has worked, says Burton, to convince influential Canadians to oppose legislative measures that threaten Beijing’s espionage efforts, including Canada’s security and technology partnerships with our allies.

Examples of Beijing’s interference are global in range and as numerous as they are troubling

Particularly galling to Canadians should be the interference campaigns targeting our democracy.

“In 2021 we observed Chinese state media directly target Canada’s federal elections with disinformation about Conservative leader Erin O’Toole and his party’s foreign policy platform. While the impact of the Chinese government’s efforts on election outcomes cannot be accurately measured, its influence on the outcome cannot be dismissed either,” says Kolga. 

O’Toole claims this interference cost his party eight or nine seats but Burton says the government has been reluctant to deal with China in an adversarial manner. 

“There is consensus among elites in Ottawa that the dominant priority of Canada-China relations must be the promotion of Canadian prosperity through trade and investment,” he says.

Additionally, fears of economic retaliation and coercion have spooked our well-connected elite who have lucrative relations with Chinese state enterprises, says Burton.

Recent reports indicate that there has even been hesitation in including the word “China” in the federal government’s forthcoming new Indo-Pacific strategy. 

As to what should be done, Burton argues that robust responses are required.

“Canada needs to establish a well-funded unit to monitor Chinese language media in Canada to identify the agents of the Chinese state who are facilitating Beijing’s sophisticated false propaganda operation to the large number of Canadians who get their news from Chinese language sources. Authors of slander and libel should be pursued through the courts in accordance with Canadian law,” he says.

‘The economy is going to be much slower than it used to be’: Canada’s GDP numbers suggest trouble ahead


The Canadian economy grew at an annual rate of 3.3 percent in the second quarter of 2022, but Wednesday’s GDP data also contained some clear warning signs about trouble ahead.

Canada’s GDP growth was well behind the Bank of Canada estimate of four percent and a full percentage point behind the consensus estimate of 4.4 percent provided by analysts.

Although the threat of a recession is real, Canadians shouldn’t get too hung up on the term, said Philip Cross, a senior fellow at the Macdonald-Laurier Institute.

“The point is the economy is going to be much slower than it used to be and the housing market is going to be much weaker,” said Cross.

The economic slowdown comes in response to central bank moves to throttle rising prices in the West and Cross said he expects the Bank of Canada will continue to hike interest rates, even after an expected rate increase in September.

“The only thing that’s going to affect monetary policy is if the underlying inflation comes down,” said Cross. “(A potential recession) is not the Bank of Canada’s problem.”

The global factors pushing inflation to record highs are also showing some resiliency. The Russian invasion of Ukraine continues to drag on, sparking an energy crisis in Europe and pushing prices higher. Germany is experiencing its highest inflation rate in 50 years at 8.8 percent and some analysts are predicting that the eurozone inflation rate could hit 10 percent this year.

Cross said that runaway inflation is a far more serious problem than a potential recession caused by central bank tightening.

“Higher prices are affecting almost all Canadians. The threat of recession is a threat to a smaller share of Canadians,” said Cross.

The Bank of Canada has also raised concerns that wage hikes in response to rising prices could cause an inflationary spiral. Cross said that’s a real possibility, especially with Canada’s unemployment numbers at record lows.

Statistics Canada reported that Canada saw 0.8 percent GDP growth in the second quarter, with a 0.1 percent decline in July, which could be the first sign of stalled growth due to rising interest rates.

With the July data “pointing to a weak start to the third quarter and the housing market slowing sharply, the Bank’s job is going to get a lot harder going forward,” wrote Randall Bartlett, the senior director of Canadian economics at Desjardins.

“Given ongoing strength in wage growth and high inflation, we continue to expect the Bank to act forcefully at next week’s meeting by hiking rates 50 basis points,” wrote Bartlett.

On the positive side, air travel and hospitality have seen significant gains, with the federal government lifting vaccine mandates for domestic travel and pausing random COVID-19 testing for international travellers.

Air travel jumped 5.6 percent in June, and has more than doubled since the beginning of the year, although the industry as a whole is still 40 percent below pre-pandemic levels. And a sure sign that Canadians are trickling back into the office came with the news that urban transit systems rose 2.3 percent, which is the fifth consecutive month of growth.

Cross said the Bank of Canada will be encouraged by the housing data released on Wednesday, which shows a marked decrease from the dizzy heights of the pandemic. Interest rate hikes caused a decline in business for real estate agents and brokers, which dropped 5.3 percent in June, the fourth consecutive month of declines.

In July, the Bank of Canada projected that inflation would decline to three percent by the end of 2023 and return to two percent by the end of 2024.