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Recent immigrants are rapidly finding jobs post-COVID, catching up with those born in Canada

News

Recent immigrants to Canada have rapidly gained employment and are today fuelling the growth of the job market, according to the most recent Labour Force Survey and economists.

From November 2010 to November 2022, the employment rate of recent immigrants (those granted the right of permanent residence in the past five years) grew 12.7 percentage points compared to 4.2 percent for Canadian-born workers. 

Today their employment rates are 76.3 and 85.9 percent. The smallest gap in the employment rate between the two groups was in December 2021 when recent immigrants hit 79.6 percent and Canadian-born workers were at 85.8 percent. 

The graph above is based on Statistics Canada labour force data compiled by The Hub. It compares the rate of employment (percent of those employed) of Canada’s core working-age population (25 to 54) between April 2006 and April 2024. It includes new immigrants, Canadian-born workers, and Canada’s total population inclusive of these groups and non-permanent residents. 

Last week’s Labour Force Survey estimated 90,000 new jobs were created in April. TD Canada Trust chief economist Beata Caranci called that growth “bananas” even for notoriously volatile data. 

But despite the number of new jobs, Canadian unemployment was unchanged month-over-month from 6.1 percent in March.

That’s because labour participation continues to increase due to record-breaking levels of immigration. Last year, Canada’s population grew by 1.27 million, 97.6 percent of whom were immigrants.

“The (April) unemployment rate was stable…as jobs created were offset by another 108,000 who entered the labour force” primarily through immigration, wrote Scotiabank vice-president and head of capital markets economics Derek Holt.

A February 2024 study by Statistics Canada attributed the relative growth in the employment rate of new immigrants to three factors. 

First, the expansion of the two-step immigration process in which more of Canada’s economic immigrants are being selected from the pre-existing pool of temporary foreign workers. The number of new Canadian immigrants who had work permits before obtaining permanent residency rose significantly from 19 percent in 2010 to 36 percent in 2022. 

Second, changes to Canada’s immigration selection process since 2010, including, most significantly, the Express Entry model, enacted in 2015, which places greater emphasis on Canadian work experience, language proficiency, and education. 

Third, Canada’s strong labour market which has been marked by low unemployment led to considerable demand for recent university-educated immigrants.

Nearly half of Canadians oppose Pro-Palestine encampments at Canadian universities

News

More Canadians oppose than support the pro-Palestine encampments that have sprung up in universities across Canada, while one-third support them, according to a newly released survey. 

Nearly half (48 percent) of Canadians surveyed oppose the pro-Palestine protest encampments. Thirty-one percent support them, and nearly a quarter (21 percent) of Canadians said they did not know what to think about the situation that has captured campuses across North America.

According to Leger’s new survey, opposition to the Canadian university encampments is held mostly by Canadians aged 55 and up (66 percent), while nearly half of younger Canadians aged 18 to 34 (45 percent) support them. This young-old split between protest support and opposition is typical for social movements throughout history. 

By province, Manitoba and Saskatchewan combined saw the largest portion of provincial opposition (56 percent). Alberta saw the largest amount of support for the encampments (34 percent). 

The online poll of just over 1,500 Canadians aged 18 and older was conducted between May 3 and May 5.

Since April 27th, students and other supporters at McGill University began setting up encampments on school grounds. This was followed by encampments forming at the University of British Columbia, the University of Ottawa, the University of Victoria, Vancouver Island University, the University of Toronto, Western University, and McMaster University. Late last week, police in Alberta swiftly and forcefully broke up an encampment at the University of Calgary.

The ongoing encampments are in protest of their universities’ investment in companies that they claim support Israel’s military. Many also want their post-secondary institutions to cut all ties with Israeli universities. 

Meanwhile in the United States, on April 30 the New York Police Department arrested around 300 protestors at Columbia University and the City College of New York. At the University of California, Los Angeles officers there arrested over 200 protestors. At Brown University, the school administration agreed to vote on divestment, and their encampment was taken down.

The survey also asked respondents how they felt the encampments should be dealt with. Nearly half of respondents (44 percent) agreed that encampments should be immediately dismantled since they threaten campus safety and students. Meanwhile, 33 percent agreed the encampments should only be dismantled if protestors voice antisemitic views or hate speech. Nearly a quarter (23 percent) agreed that they should be completely tolerated as a form of freedom of speech and association. Only 17 percent of Canadians reported having heard antisemitic comments since October 7th.

These student protests have stirred public debate about Canadian freedom of speech and the use of campus space. Some, including the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, Amnesty International, and Unifor, have recently made statements supporting students' and academics' right to peacefully protest within campus grounds. Others, including The Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs and lawyers for McGill University, say that the encampments threaten the well-being and academic success of the majority of students not taking part, and must be removed. The latter are currently seeking an injunction to dismantle McGill’s encampment. 

On May 8, Liberal MP Anthony Housefather appeared on Parliament Hill alongside six students from schools in Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta who said they were being forced to conceal their Jewish identity on campus and feared for their safety. Housefather has since initiated a parliamentary committee study supported by all parties to take a closer look at antisemitism, Islamophobia and the rise of both on Canadian campuses.